Role of Physiotherapy within the Arthritis

The word 'Arthritis' literally means joint inflammation. The warning signs from arthritis are pain, swelling, joint stiffness, difficulty in moving variety joints. Arthritis can be a life changing event which can affect special, social and work life unless it is well understood and treated eventually.

There are 127 different kind of arthritis. The most common types are Joint pain. Osteoarthritis is degenerative joint pain. It may be due to chronic outfits or due to automotive accident.

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that any of us ones own immune system attacks cells within the joint capsule and partner chronic inflammation destroys flexible material, bone and ligaments, which means deformity and disability. Physiotherapy the major role in addressing both Osteo & Can be a along with medicine or only.

Even though many other factors contribute the roll-out of Osteo arthritis, the root cause may be deviation of normal body mechanics. By correcting the body-shape mechanics the percentage of wear and tear can considerably reduced. Chubby, muscle wasting, poor muscle tone strength, prolonged standing and internally derangement of knee like ligament injury can also contribute to Osteo joint inflammation. Physiotherapist can assess these basic causes and helps to correct the pre disposing factors. If it can be found and corrected early, Osteo arthritis can be controlled as opposed to a extend. Some patients would get medicine along with Therapy.

Major symptoms seen with Arthritis are pain, restricted community, swelling etc. Pain and swelling can be relieved by means of hot packs or fabulous packs, Ultrasound therapy, laser light therapy, use of HUNDREDS or interferential therapy, low dye strapping techniques etc. Range of motion and strengthening exercises can now be given to achieve maximum functional independence at home and at work place.

Type of Exercise for Arthritic patients

1. Range of motion exercises: It helps keep normal joint movements as well as relieving stiffness. These are gentle things which move each joint as far as possible in all directions. Normal daily house work outs or office work may not increase joint range of part and are not an alternative to ROM exercise.

2. Strengthening Exercises: It helps to put or increase the build strength, provide stability, support and protection onto the joint, helps the joint to move more easily with less pain and helps to prevent deformity. Isometric, isotonic or isokinetic exercises is needed according to the condition some patient. Isometric exercises involves antagonism of muscle without shoulder complex movement which maintains muscle, prevents muscle wasting to shed weight joint range is bothered.

3. Endurance exercises: It willaids to maintain cardiac sporting goods, ROM, to increase tidak otomatis strength, to control excessive fat and to improve arthritis symptoms. Aerobic exercises that it is graded walking, use of bicycle or treadmill initially at the supervision of the physiotherapist conserve prevent complication.

How vehicle with arthritis should succeed?

ROM exercises can be exercised daily many times and they're done at least every second day. Strengthening exercises should carried out every day unless you have severe pain or swelling in your joint plus some repeated daily.

Endurance exercises should be done 20 to 30 minutes without doubt 3 times a week if you can't have severe pain or swelling in your joint. Before starting endurance exercises it is better to have a medical consultation to assess your medical fitness.

In case of rheumatoid arthritis prolonged medical treatment is required. Here Physiotherapy provides help maintain ROM, muscle strength now to prevent joint deformity. Once joint deformity is resolute the patient may grow severe ambulation problem. This can be prevented with medication and let timely physiotherapy.

'Think loving toward arthritis, Physiotherapist can help lead a pain-free independent life'.



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